[Though this article is about Summary Completion questions, almost the same rules apply to Sentence Completion questions as well]
Introduction to IELTS Listening Summary Completion or Sentence Completion Questions
For IELTS Listening Summary Completion or Sentence Completion questions, two of the skills you will have to learn are summarizing and paraphrasing.
When you start your graduate course or start working, summarising and paraphrasing will be important skills. IELTS Listening tests that very aspect through these questions.
Listening to a clip, you will be given a list of sentences that summarise it. IELTS has taken text from the clip and used paraphrasing to change these sentences so that they have the same meaning, yet different words.
They have also summarised the content of the clip by choosing a number of phrases that sum up the key points. In other words, you will be able to read the sentences before they are listened to and know what you will hear.
Your Task in IELTS Listening Summary Completion or Sentence Completion Questions
You should look at the sentences and try to grasp their overall meaning first. Make use of the sentences to predict what you will hear. Once you know this, you’ll be able to follow the listening and hopefully get the right answers.
For example, the sentence might say ‘The ________ family structure has changed a lot in the last fifty years.’
However, when you hear the sentence, you may hear ‘In the last half-century the nuclear family unit has been altered significantly.’
Remember that the sentences are only paraphrases of what you will hear, so you must think about how they may have been modified.
Check for Grammar
Once you’ve figured out the correct response, look for the sentence’s gaps and predict what it will say next.
You can also predict what words will fit grammatically (verb, noun, adjective, adverb, etc.) and predict the content based on the words around it.
Make sure that each sentence is grammatically correct before you add your answer. If it is not, then your answer is incorrect.
You may have to change the form of a word you identify as correct to make the sentence grammatically correct.
Audio Text: John – “I’m so frustrated that the insurance company is taking so long to settle my claim.
Now, you have to complete the sentence.
Sentence Completion: John found it very (frustrating) that his accident claim was not sorted quickly.
In order to improve at these sorts of queries, you must master summarising and paraphrasing abilities.
When you listen to or read something in English, or are practicing for IELTS, try to think like those taking the IELTS tests – how can I paraphrase this? If you practice this hard, you will gradually improve to the point where you may find these questions straightforward.
With the right strategy and the right amount of practice, you will be able to tackle IELTS Listening Summary Completion or Sentence Completion Questions successfully and move towards a perfect Band 9 Score.